PFAS research publications

crcCARE is a world leader in research into per- and poly-fluoroalkyl substances (PFAS). Our work has built a strong knowledge base of methods for analysing and remediating PFAS, as well as potential health impacts on the environement, animals and people.  We have also registered and applied for a number of patents for methods and technologies for PFAS assessment and remediation.


Research papers published by crcCARE reserachers in peer-reviewed journals

  1. Arias, V., Megharaj, M., Naidu, R. (2015). Identification of the source of PFOS and PFOA contamination at a military air base site. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 187: 1-8.
  2. Arias, V., Megharaj, M., Naidu, R. (2015). Treatment technologies for aqueous perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoate (PFOA): a critical review with an emphasis on field testing. Environmental Technologies & Innovation 4:168-181.
  3. Das, P., Arias, V.A., Kambala, V., Mallavarapu, M., Naidu, R. (2013). Remediation of perfluorooctane sulfonate in contaminated soils by modified clay adsorbent – a risk-based approach. Water, Air & Soil Pollution 224: 1714 (pp.14).
  4. Das, P., Megharaj, M., Naidu, R. (2015). Perfluorooctane sulfonate release pattern from soils of fire training areas in Australia and its bioaccumulation potential in the earthworm Eisenia fetida. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 22: 8902-8910.
  5. Dong, Z., Bahar, Md., Jit, J., Kennedy, B., Priestly, B., Ng, J., Lamb, D., Liu, Y., Duan, L., Naidu, R. (2017). Issues raised by the reference doses for perfluorooctane sulfonate and perfluorooctanoic acid. Environment International 105: 86-94.
  6. Fang, C., Chen, Z., Megharaj, M., Naidu, R. (2016). Potentiometric detection of AFFFs based on MIP. Environmental Technology & Innovation 5: 52-59.
  7. Fang, C., Dharmarajan, R., Megharaj, M., Naidu, R. (2017). Gold nanoparticle-based optical sensors for selected anionic contaminants. Trends in Analytical Chemistry 86: 143-154.
  8. Fang, C., Megharaj, M., Naidu, R. (2017). Electrochemical advanced oxidation processes (EAOP) to degrade per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs). Journal of Advanced Oxidation Technologies 2017: 20170014.
  9. Fang, C., Megharaj, M., Naidu, R. (2017) Electrochemical detection of thioether-based fluorosurfactants in aqueous firefighting foam (AFFF). Electroanalysis  29: 1095–1102.
  10. Fang, C., Megharaj, M., Naidu, R. (2017). Electrochemical studies on self-assembled monolayer (SAM) upon exposure to anionic surfactants: PFOA, PFOS, SDS and SDBS. Electroanalysis 29: 2155-2160.
  11. Fang, C., Megharaj, M., Naidu, R. (2017). Electrochemical switch on-off response of a self-assembled monolayer (SAM) upon exposure to perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA). Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry 785: 249-254.
  12. Fang, C., Megharaj, M., Naidu, R. (2017). Electrochemical Studies on Self?assembled Monolayer (SAM) Upon Exposure to Anionic Surfactants: PFOA, PFOS, SDS and SDBS. Electroanalysis 29 (9): 2155-2160.
  13. Fang, C., Megharaj, M., Naidu, R. (2016). Breakdown of PFOA, PFOS and 6:2FTS using Potassium Permanganate as Oxidant (invited), Austin Environmental Sciences 1(1), 1005.
  14. Fang, C., Megharaj, M., Naidu, R. (2016). Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) detection of fluorosurfactants in firefighting foams. RSC Advances 6: 11140-11145.
  15. Fang, C., Megharaj, M., Naidu, R. (2015). Chemical oxidization of some AFFFs leads to the formation of 6:2FTS and 8:2FTS. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 34: 2625-2628.
  16. Fang, C., Zhang, X., Dong, Z., Wang, L., Megharaj, M., Naidu, R. (2018). Smartphone app-based/portable sensor for the detection of fluoro-surfactant PFOA. Chemosphere 191: 381-388.
  17. He, W., Megharaj, M., Naidu, R. (2016). Toxicity of perfluorooctanoic acid towards earthworm and enzymatic activities in soil. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 2016: 188-424.
  18. Logeshwaran, P., Sivaram, A.K., Megharaj, M., Naidu, R. (2016). Evaluation of cyto- and genotoxic effects of class B firefighting foam products: Tridol-S 3% AFFF and Tridol-S 6% AFFF to Allium cepa. Environmental Technology and Innovation 6: 185-194.
  19. Mayilswami, S., Krishnan, K., Megharaj, M., Naidu, R. (2016). Gene expression profile changes in Eisenia fetida chronically exposed to PFOA. Ecotoxicology 25: 759-769.
  20. Mayilswami, S., Krishnan, K., Naidu, R., Megharaj, M. (2017). Transcriptome analysis of Eisenia fetida chronically exposed to benzo(a)pyrene. Environmental Technologies & Innovation 7: 54-62.
  21. Mayilswami, S., Krishnan, K., Megharaj, M., Naidu, R. (2014). Chronic PFOS exposure alters the expression of neuronal development–related human homologues in Eisenia fetida. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 110:288-297.

crcCARE’s PFAS-related patents

  1. A method and system for quantifying a concentration of anionic surfactants in a sample, Fang, C., Naidu, R., Megharaj, M., Dong, M., Liu, Y. AN2016903806, 2016.
  2. Method, composition, and system for degrading a fluorinated organic compound. Fang, C., Naidu, R., Megharaj, M. AN2016903457, 2016.
  3. Contaminant separating method using a modified palygoskite clay sorbent, Xi, Y., Sarkar, B., Megharaj, M., Naidu, R. US 9199184 B2, 2015
  4. Modified clay sorbents, Xi, Y., Sarkar, B., Megharaj, M., Naidu, R. WO 2010/065996 A1, 2010.
  5. Anionic surfactant detection, Mercurio, P., Megharaj, M and Naidu, R. Provisional PCT No. 2007905529, 2008.
  6. Method and system for removal of contaminants from aqueous solution, Dunlop, E., Naidu, R., Megharaj, M. WO 2004/038491 A3, PCT/IB2003/05301, 2003.